Public vs Private Networks

by | Jan 23, 2024 | 0 comments

Public and private networks are all part of digital life – and a big part of it at that.

Whether connecting to our home Wi-Fi or downloading and uploading data and information at our place of work, we will be using a network suited to the environment.

Of course, all networks have pros and cons regarding convenience, security, and functionality, making it vital that you choose the right network solution for you.

To learn more about which network is best suited to your environment, continue reading our post below.

Public Networks vs Private Networks

As the name suggests, public networks are open-access networks that prioritise accessibility and availability over security (significant risk for businesses) and performance. Operating as a wired or wireless network that anyone has access to, public networks have no restrictions, increasing your vulnerability to cyber-attacks.

Due to the availability of public networks, you will be provided with more comprehensive coverage, i.e., anyone can access the internet through a public network.

However, the speed of public networks is slow and often cumbersome as the number of users all attempting to access the network simultaneously is not limited, so queues and buffering can occur, providing you with an overall poor connection.

Latency in public networks is extremely high, which means the overall user experience is generally poor. Often, high latency is due to inferior quality and outdated networks due to a lack of ongoing on-site IT support maintenance.

File sharing and visibility in the public sector are easy for established connections. However, open access can make your files more vulnerable to malware infecting them and potentially causing data breaches.

A significant factor with public networks is security. Public networks are often unsecured, which means you are more likely to be exposed to hackers, cyber threats, malware, and more. In fact, it is important to be aware that any information you publicise on the internet will be open for everyone to access; this can be especially risky for business.

Private Networks vs Public Networks

Private networks are closed access networks, which promote a secure environment as you can manage and customise to meet your IT requirements. Private networks provide a prominent level of security over your data and information as well as increased performance. However, private networks are not readily available or accessible to everyone.

The several types of private networks include:

Independent – here, you select and install the chosen spectrum and network solutions, managing users and maintaining the network in-house. All data stays on-site within the network.

Dependent – built and maintained by a mobile operator, the mobile operator will manage and maintain user access, creating multiple virtual networks from a single physical network.

Isolate private networks – the entire network is hosted and operated by the user. The network is completely separated from the public network, boosting security. However, isolated private networks require a high level of investment and knowledge.

Share private networks – sharing the infrastructure of a mobile operator’s public network to keep costs low.

Network slicing private network – ensures data isolation and network quality with end-to-end connection provided by the mobile operator’s existing infrastructure, leasing the private bandwidth from the operator.

Private networks are more suited to businesses as they provide enhanced speed and security, vital for productivity and compliance with numerous data regulations and guidelines.

In addition, private networks are much faster than public networks, increasing productivity as you experience less downtime. This is vital for businesses that need reliable and consistent speeds to support their clients and peers continuously.

Latency with private networks is low as you have control over what users can access online and monitor their activity.

There is also less congestion with private networks as you can manage the number of users accessing the system at any time. In addition, with the right online IT support, you can scale your private network to meet your business requirements.

File sharing and visibility are limited, which is great for businesses that need to share personal and confidential information. You can restrict and set certain security criteria and

interactions, allowing you to manage security and avoid malicious attacks.

Private networks offer enhanced security and are regularly maintained to meet growing customer demands. Private networks are key to improving business performance and providing continual optimisation and efficiency.

Public vs Private Networks

With the ability to tailor and customise your IT support and services to your business needs, private networks are always advisable for businesses.

However, if you are opting or currently using public networks, we advise you to do so cautiously.

When choosing between private networks vs public you must identify what you need and ultimately when it is appropriate to use private networks and when it would be acceptable to move across to public.

Alternatively, there are other ways you can secure your connection, for example, using a VPN or changing your network settings – your chosen outsourced IT provider will be able to help you with these additional security requests.

IT Support and Service

Each network serves different purposes, and the focus should be on understanding which network is appropriate in each situation.

At Sand Communications, our team is on hand to help you find the right IT solution to meet your business requirements.

To find out more, call us on 01423 222333 or email [email protected] for further information.

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